F5 Archive

August 9, 2018

Back in 2013, I led a “proof of concept” test for an enterprise-grade load balancing solution. We evaluated many products, but had a shortlist of 4 vendors, and ultimately selected F5 Networks. While the selection criteria was different, I personally liked F5’s extensibility. I continued to work with F5 for a few years, earning my professional-level certification and engaging with the DevCentral community.

Management API

While many network professionals grew up on CLI-based tools, at that time I knew the importance of having an API for managing devices. While CLI-based tools work, they offer very little in programmability and orchestration. Any orchestrated solution using a CLI has to account for the various ways of connecting to the CLI–which are always subject to change by the vendor. APIs offer a standard interface for connecting to and managing a device, and are often themselves extended by a provided CLI or SDK that communicates with the API.

F5’s original “iControl” API was a SOAP-based API. Anyone who wrote a SOAP API call knows why they stopped, but F5 also provided bigsuds, a Python library that would call the API. Bigsuds made it easy to programmatically connect to any F5 and accomplish any goal.

I created a set of bigsuds scripts and published them to buzzsurfr/f5-bigsuds-utils and DevCentral. They range from connecting to the active device in a HA pair to locating orphaned iRules (iRules not associated with a Virtual Server) to finding a Pool/Virtual Server based on a Node IP Address.

In 2013, F5 also released their first version of iControlREST, a REST-based API, and the f5-sdk, which offered a cleaner interface and object-oriented code for maintaining a F5 device. I converted some of my scripts to use the f5-sdk and again pushed them to buzzsurfr/f5-sdk-utils and DevCentral.

Programmable Logic

Hardware vendors have historically struggled with keeping up with the pace of innovation in technology. One time, we were evaluating a core network refresh. Instead of discussing what the products can do, we spent more time discussing what they will do in the future. I recall a colleague asking all the major vendors when they would support TRILL (don’t judge 😃 ). Almost always, the answer required new hardware, and it would be no sooner than 18 months.

While I understand the need to put this type of logic directly into hardware, why not have a stopgap? Put a process in place to code the feature in software, then promote it to hardware at a later date. F5 was the first time I saw this business model, and I was immediately drawn to it. If the F5 didn’t have a feature I needed, then I just wrote the logic in an iRule. iRules take my logic and process it as part of the F5’s routing logic. Suddenly, I stopped asking my F5 representatives about when a feature would release and instead on how I could program that feature myself.

F5’s come with preloaded iRules, but I had to create my own over time, and collected them in buzzsurfr/f5-iRules. A few examples:

  • One time, I had a customer with a broken app that would intermittently respond with multiple Content-Length headers (which breaks RFC 2616). They weren’t sure why, but it needed to be fixed. We fixed it with an iRule until they could find and resolve the bug in the application. This wasn’t a load balancing problem, but we still used the load balancer to workaround the problem and remove customer pain.
  • I had a need to implement Content Switching, which wasn’t supported by F5 at the time. With iRules, I was able to create content switching at both the host and path until the F5 supported content switching.

I don’t spend much time with F5 products these days, but I still use the programmable logic model. In my current role at AWS, I often find gaps in features that are needed by my customers, and many times we’re able to develop a Lambda function to fill the gap until the feature is released. I’ve watched this same model serve both F5 Networks and AWS well, and I hope the trend continues with other products as we continue to evolve.

My F5-based repositories